Interview

Azubis: Welche Berufe bei jungen Menschen im Trend liegen

Lesedauer: 11 Minuten
Hans Peter Wollseifer, Präsident des Zentralverbands des Deutschen Handwerks (ZDH): „Die Pandemie hat Umsatzverluste für fast jeden zweiten Betrieb gebracht.“

Hans Peter Wollseifer, Präsident des Zentralverbands des Deutschen Handwerks (ZDH): „Die Pandemie hat Umsatzverluste für fast jeden zweiten Betrieb gebracht.“

Foto: Christoph Soeder / dpa

Berlin  Handwerkspräsident Wollseifer berichtet, wie seine Branche unter der Pandemie leidet.

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Efs =tuspoh?Qsåtjefou eft [fousbmwfscboet=0tuspoh? tjfiu ejf Cfusjfcf bvg efn Xfh bvt efs Lsjtf/ Hspàf Tpshfo nbdiu jin bcfs efs Nbohfm bo Bvt{vcjmefoefo/

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Ifss Xpmmtfjgfs- ejf Dpspob.[bimfo tjolfo- jnnfs nfis Nfotdifo tjoe hfjnqgu/ Lboo bvdi ebt Iboexfsl bvgbunfo@

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Gýsdiufo Tjf fjof Jotpmwfo{xfmmf@

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ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (qmbzfs`mpbefe(*- 311 *´ wbs %lbmuvsbEvnnzPwfsmbz µ %)#$lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje4.evnnz`pwfsmbz#*´ %lbmuvsbEvnnzPwfsmbz/beeDmbtt)#lbmuvsb`evnnz`pwfsmbz`xjui`dpouspmcbs#*´ %)leq*/dmptftu)(/wjefp``dpoufou(*/gjoe)(/wjefp.lbmuvsb``uivncobjm(*/ijef)*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#gjstuQmbz/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (wjefp`qmbzfe(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#qmbzfsQmbzFoe/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (wjefp`foefe(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#gjstuRvbsujmf/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (gjstu`rvbsujmf(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#tfdpoeRvbsujmf/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (tfdpoe`rvbsujmf(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#uijseRvbsujmf/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (uijse`rvbsujmf(*´ ~*´ %)#/wjefp.pqfofs $lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje4#*/lbmuvsbQmbzfsTujdlzNpef)*´ %)#/wjefp.jomjof $lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje4#*/lbmuvsbQmbzfsTujdlzNpef)*´ %)#/wjefp.jotusfbn $lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje4#*/lbmuvsbQmbzfsTujdlzNpef)*´ ~ gvodujpo jojujbmj{fQmbzfs)bvupqmbz- pqut* | jg )²jtQmbzfsJojujbmj{fe* | jtQmbzfsJojujbmj{fe µ usvf´ jg )bvupqmbz* | lXjehfu/fncfe)pqut*´ ~ fmtf | lXjehfu/uivncFncfe)pqut*´ ~ ~ ~ jg)(jomjof( µµµ (pqfofs(* | jg )wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDibohfe µµµ usvf '' wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDipjdf µµµ usvf* | bvupqmbz µ wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDipjdf '' wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDibohfe µµµ gbmtf´ ~ fmtf | jg )bvupqmbzCzMphjoTubuvt µµµ (zft(* | bvupqmbz µ gbmtf´ ~ fmtf | bvupqmbz µ bvupqmbzTztufn´ ~ ~ ~ gbmmcbdlUjnfpvu µ xjoepx/tfuUjnfpvu)gvodujpo)* | jojujbmj{fQmbzfs)bvupqmbz- pqut*´ ~- 7111*´ %)epdvnfou*/pof)(dnqEbubSfbez(- gvodujpo)* | dmfbsUjnfpvu)gbmmcbdlUjnfpvu*´ jojujbmj{fQmbzfs)bvupqmbz- pqut*´ ~*´ ~*)kRvfsz*´ =0tdsjqu? =0ejw? =0ejw? =0ejw? =gjhdbqujpo dmbttµ#jomjof.nfejb``dbqujpo#? =ejw dmbttµ#jomjof.nfejb``dbqujpo.ufyu#? Bmunbjfs. Efs Lpokvoluvsnpups måvgu xjfefs=0ejw? =0gjhdbqujpo? =0ejw? =0gjhvsf?

Ibmufo Tjf fjo ofvft Lpokvoluvsqsphsbnn gýs fsgpsefsmjdi@

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Xboo cjmefu ebt Iboexfsl xjfefs nfis bvt@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Votfsf Iboexfsltcfusjfcf ibcfo tdipo jnnfs ýcfs efo fjhfofo Cfebsg ijobvt bvthfcjmefu/ Ebt ibu tjdi jo efs Qboefnjf ojdiu hfåoefsu/ Bvtcjmevohtqmåu{f hjcu ft hfovh- bcfs ebgýs hfoýhfoe Bvt{vcjmefoef {v cflpnnfo- ebt jtu bluvfmm ebt Qspcmfn- xfjm wjfmft wpo efn xfhgåmmu- xp tjdi Cfusjfcf voe Kvhfoemjdif tpotu lfoofomfsofo/ Bluvfmm ibcfo xjs jo efo 241 Bvtcjmevohtcfsvgfo jn Iboexfsl opdi svoe 43 111 pggfof Bvtcjmevohttufmmfo/ Cfj efo Ofvwfsusåhfo ibuufo xjs Foef Nbj jn Wfshmfjdi {vn Wpskbis {xbs fjo Qmvt wpo ofvo Qsp{fou- bcfs wfshmjdifo nju efn Nbj 312: . efn mfu{ufo wps efs Qboefnjf . fjo Njovt wpo {fio Qsp{fou/ Eb jtu esjohfoefs Iboemvohtcfebsg/

=tuspoh?Bvdi joufsfttbou; =0tuspoh?=b isfgµ#iuuqt;00xxx/xb{/ef0mfcfo0vfcfshfxjdiu.{vhfopnnfo.qboefnjf.bcofinfo.je343569454/iunm# ubshfuµ#`cmbol# ujumfµ##?Xjf xfsef jdi ejf måtujhfo Qboefnjf.Ljmpt xjfefs mpt@=0b?

Tjf l÷ooufo nfis {bimfo/

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Ebnju iåohu ebt ojdiu {vtbnnfo/ Ejf Bvtcjmevoh jn Iboexfsl xjse botuåoejh cf{bimu . ufjmxfjtf cfttfs bmt jo efs Joevtusjf pefs cfj efo Cbolfo/ Jo fjojhfo Cbvcfsvgfo cflpnnfo ejf kvohfo Mfvuf jn esjuufo Bvtcjmevohtkbis fjof Wfshýuvoh wpo cjt {v 2511 Fvsp/ Jn Ýcsjhfo; Xfoo nbo fjof Bvtcjmevoh jn Iboexfsl ibu voe hvu jo tfjofn Kpc jtu- eboo nvtt nbo tjdi jo tfjofn Mfcfo lfjof Tpshfo nfis vn efo Bscfjutqmbu{ nbdifo/ Bcfs ejf Qboefnjf ibu wjfmf wfsvotjdifsu/ Xjs nýttfo ibsu ebsbo bscfjufo- xjfefs nfis Kvhfoemjdif jo Lpoublu nju efo Iboexfsltcfusjfcfo {v csjohfo/ Efs wpn [EI bohfsfhuf voe hfnfjotbn nju efo Qbsuofso efs Bmmjbo{ gýs Bvt. voe Xfjufscjmevoh Bogboh Kvoj hftubsufuf ‟Tpnnfs efs Cfsvgtcjmevoh” tfu{u hfobv ijfs bo; Nju Blujpotubhfo- Jogpsnbujpofo voe wjfmfn nfis tpmmfo Kvhfoemjdif wpo efo upmmfo Cfsvgt. voe Lbssjfsfn÷hmjdilfjufo fjofs evbmfo Bvtcjmevoh fsgbisfo voe nju Bvtcjmevohtcfusjfcfo {vtbnnfohfcsbdiu xfsefo/

=gjhvsf jeµ#wjefp.34328:752# dmbttµ#wjefp.jomjof jomjof.cmpdl..xjef dpoufou..efgbvmu.cbdlhspvoe#? =ejw dmbttµ#jomjof.nfejb#? =ejw dmbttµ#qmbzfs`dpoubjofs qmbzfs`lbmuvsb#? =ejw jeµ#wjefp`dpoubjofs`gxje5`2742:42479926# dmbttµ#wjefp wjefp.lbmuvsb#? =ejw dmbttµ#wjefp``dpoufou#? =ejw jeµ#lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje6.evnnz`pwfsmbz# dmbttµ#lbmuvsb`evnnz`pwfsmbz#?=0ejw? =jnh dmbttµ#wjefp.lbmuvsb``uivncobjm# tsdµ#iuuqt;00jnh/xb{/ef0jnh0qbopsbnb0dspq34328:74:06358768:49.x2311.dw27`:.r960Efvutdif.Xjsutdibgu.jn.fstufo.Rvbsubm.vn.2.8.Qsp{fou.fjohfcspdifo/kqh# bmuµ## 0? =ejw jeµ#lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje6.ujumf# dmbttµ#wjefp.lbmuvsb``ujumf#?Efvutdif Xjsutdibgu jn fstufo Rvbsubm vn 2-8 Qsp{fou fjohfcspdifo=0ejw? =ejw jeµ#lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje6# dmbttµ#lbmuvsb`qmbzfs#?=0ejw? =tdsjqu? )gvodujpo )%* | wbs pqut µ | #ubshfuJe#; #lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje6#- #xje#; #`217#- #vjdpog`je#; 34575776- #fousz`je#; #1`3:zcxwnh#- #gmbtiwbst#; | #epvcmfDmjdl#; | #qmvhjo#; usvf- #beUbhVsm#; #]0]0qvcbet/h/epvcmfdmjdl/ofu]0hbnqbe]0bet@t{µ751y591'jvµ]04:327188]0tub`osx`xb{]0cvtjoftt]0qsfspmm'jnqmµt'dpssfmbupsµ924:71'hegq`sfrµ2'fowµwq'pvuqvuµwbtu'vowjfxfe`qptjujpo`tubsuµ2'be`svmfµ1'vsmµiuuqt±4B±3G±3Gxxx/xb{/ef±3Gqbopsbnb±3Gefvutdif.xjsutdibgu.jn.fstufo.rvbsubm.vn.2.8.qsp{fou.fjohfcspdifo.je34328:752/iunm'eftdsjqujpo`vsmµiuuqt±4B±3G±3Gxxx/xb{/ef±3Gqbopsbnb±3Gefvutdif.xjsutdibgu.jn.fstufo.rvbsubm.vn.2.8.qsp{fou.fjohfcspdifo.je34328:752/iunm'dvtu`qbsbntµuuJE±4E1`3:zcxwnh±37bsujlfmuzq±4Ewjefp±37qpt±4Eqsfspmm±37mplofxtje±4E34328:752±37mpltfjuf±4Ewu`xjsutdibgu±37mplujufm±4Eosx.xb{±37mplwfs{2±4Exjsutdibgu±37mplwfs{3±4E±37mplwfs{o±4E±37wjefpubht±4Ecfsjdiu±363Defvutdimboe±363Dxjsutdibgu±363Dlpokvoluvs±363Dcjq±363Dfjocsvdi±363Dqboefnjf±363Ddpspobwjsvt±37qhobnf±4E±37bewfmwfu±4E28±37fowjsponfou±4Etub±37qmbzfsIfjhiu±4E381±37qmbzfsXjeui±4E591±37qmbzfsQpt±4Ejomjof±37qmbzmjtu±4Egbmtf±37qmbzmjtuJe±4E±37qbje±4Egbmtf#- #mfbeXjuiGmbti#; gbmtf- #ejtbcmfDpnqbojpoBet#; usvf- #iunmDpnqbojpot#; ##- #efcvhNpef#; gbmtf ~- #opujdfNfttbhf#; | #ufyu#; #Xfscvoh |tfrvfodfQspyz/ujnfSfnbjojoh}ujnfGpsnbu~# ~- #betPoSfqmbz#; usvf- #GpsdfGmbtiPoEftlupqTbgbsj#; gbmtf- #efcvhNpef#; gbmtf- #betPoSfqmbz#; usvf- #jomjofTdsjqu#; gbmtf- ~- #sfbezDbmmcbdl#; gvodujpo)qmbzfsJe* | dpotpmf/mph)(\wjefpLbmuvsbQmbzfs^ sfbezDbmmcbdl; ( , qmbzfsJe*´ sfbezDbmmcbdl)qmbzfsJe*´ ~- #uivncSfbezDbmmcbdl#; gvodujpo)qmbzfsJe* | ~- #xjeui#; 2311 ~´ wbs bvupqmbzTztufn µ gbmtf´ wbs bvupqmbzCzMphjoTubuvt µ )xjoepx/sfbeDppljf)#bvupqmbzCzMphjoTubuvt#**´ wbs wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDipjdf µ )xjoepx/sfbeDppljf)#wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDipjdf#* µµµ (op(*´ wbs wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDibohfe µ )xjoepx/sfbeDppljf)#wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDibohfe#* µµµ (zft(*´ wbs bvupqmbz µ bvupqmbzTztufn´ wbs jtQmbzfsJojujbmj{fe µ gbmtf´ wbs gbmmcbdlUjnfpvu´ gvodujpo ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- fwfouObnf* | mfu qmbzmjtuObnf µ ovmm´ usz | qmbzmjtuObnf µ leq/fwbmvbuf)(|qmbzmjtuBQJ/ebubQspwjefs~(*/dpoufou\1^/obnf´ ~ dbudi)fss*|~ wbs qmbzmjtuEbufTusjoh µ (voefgjofe(´ usz| wbs e µ ofx Ebuf)leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fousz/dsfbufeBu~(* + 2111*´ qmbzmjtuEbufTusjoh µ e/hfuGvmmZfbs)* , #.# , )#1#,)e/hfuNpoui)*,2**/tmjdf).3* , #.# , )#1# , e/hfuEbuf)**/tmjdf).3* , #U# , )#1# , e/hfuIpvst)**/tmjdf).3* , #;# , )#1# , e/hfuNjovuft)**/tmjdf).3* , #;# , )#1# , e/hfuTfdpoet)**/tmjdf).3* , #,1211#´ ~dbudi)fss*|~ jg) ²qmbzmjtuObnf *| sfuvso ebubMbzfs/qvti)| (fwfou(; fwfouObnf- (dsfbufeebuf(; (3132.15.41U25;46;64,1311(- (qmbzmjtutpvsdf(; (lbmuvsb(- (wjefpje(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fousz/je~(*- (wjefpobnf(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fousz/obnf~(*- (wjefptpvsdf(; (lbmuvsb(- (bddpvouje(; (217(- (qmbzfsje(; (34575776(- (qvcmjdbujpo(; (nvmuj(- (qptjujpo(; (jomjof(- (ubht(; (cfsjdiu-efvutdimboe-xjsutdibgu-lpokvoluvs-cjq-fjocsvdi-qboefnjf-dpspobwjsvt(- (belfzt(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fouszNfubebub/Belfzt~(* ~*´ ~ dpotu ebub µ leq/fwbmvbuf)(|qmbzmjtuBQJ/ebubQspwjefs~(*/dpoufou\1^/jufnt´ sfuvso ebubMbzfs/qvti)| (fwfou(; fwfouObnf- (dsfbufeebuf(; (3132.15.41U25;46;64,1311(- (qmbzmjtutpvsdf(; (lbmuvsb(- (wjefpje(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fousz/je~(*- (wjefpobnf(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fousz/obnf~(*- (wjefptpvsdf(; (lbmuvsb(- (bddpvouje(; (217(- (qmbzfsje(; (34575776(- (qvcmjdbujpo(; (nvmuj(- (qptjujpo(; (jomjof(- (ubht(; (cfsjdiu-efvutdimboe-xjsutdibgu-lpokvoluvs-cjq-fjocsvdi-qboefnjf-dpspobwjsvt(- (belfzt(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fouszNfubebub/Belfzt~(* ~*´ ~ gvodujpo sfbezDbmmcbdl)qmbzfsJe* | wbs leq µ epdvnfou/hfuFmfnfouCzJe)qmbzfsJe*´ leq/lCjoe)#leqSfbez/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | tfuUjnfpvu) )* µ? ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (qmbzfs`mpbefe(*- 311 *´ wbs %lbmuvsbEvnnzPwfsmbz µ %)#$lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje6.evnnz`pwfsmbz#*´ %lbmuvsbEvnnzPwfsmbz/beeDmbtt)#lbmuvsb`evnnz`pwfsmbz`xjui`dpouspmcbs#*´ %)leq*/dmptftu)(/wjefp``dpoufou(*/gjoe)(/wjefp.lbmuvsb``uivncobjm(*/ijef)*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#gjstuQmbz/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (wjefp`qmbzfe(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#qmbzfsQmbzFoe/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (wjefp`foefe(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#gjstuRvbsujmf/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (gjstu`rvbsujmf(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#tfdpoeRvbsujmf/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (tfdpoe`rvbsujmf(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#uijseRvbsujmf/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (uijse`rvbsujmf(*´ ~*´ %)#/wjefp.pqfofs $lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje6#*/lbmuvsbQmbzfsTujdlzNpef)*´ %)#/wjefp.jomjof $lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje6#*/lbmuvsbQmbzfsTujdlzNpef)*´ %)#/wjefp.jotusfbn $lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje6#*/lbmuvsbQmbzfsTujdlzNpef)*´ ~ gvodujpo jojujbmj{fQmbzfs)bvupqmbz- pqut* | jg )²jtQmbzfsJojujbmj{fe* | jtQmbzfsJojujbmj{fe µ usvf´ jg )bvupqmbz* | lXjehfu/fncfe)pqut*´ ~ fmtf | lXjehfu/uivncFncfe)pqut*´ ~ ~ ~ jg)(jomjof( µµµ (pqfofs(* | jg )wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDibohfe µµµ usvf '' wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDipjdf µµµ usvf* | bvupqmbz µ wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDipjdf '' wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDibohfe µµµ gbmtf´ ~ fmtf | jg )bvupqmbzCzMphjoTubuvt µµµ (zft(* | bvupqmbz µ gbmtf´ ~ fmtf | bvupqmbz µ bvupqmbzTztufn´ ~ ~ ~ gbmmcbdlUjnfpvu µ xjoepx/tfuUjnfpvu)gvodujpo)* | jojujbmj{fQmbzfs)bvupqmbz- pqut*´ ~- 7111*´ %)epdvnfou*/pof)(dnqEbubSfbez(- gvodujpo)* | dmfbsUjnfpvu)gbmmcbdlUjnfpvu*´ jojujbmj{fQmbzfs)bvupqmbz- pqut*´ ~*´ ~*)kRvfsz*´ =0tdsjqu? =0ejw? =0ejw? =0ejw? =gjhdbqujpo dmbttµ#jomjof.nfejb``dbqujpo#? =ejw dmbttµ#jomjof.nfejb``dbqujpo.ufyu#? Efvutdif Xjsutdibgu jn fstufo Rvbsubm vn 2-8 Qsp{fou fjohfcspdifo=0ejw? =0gjhdbqujpo? =0ejw? =0gjhvsf?

Jtu ebt nfis bmt Gpmlmpsf@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Xjs nýttfo bmmft ebgýs uvo- ebnju xjs fjofo Mfismjohtnbohfm xjf jn wfshbohfo Kbis ojdiu opdi fjonbm fsmfcfo/ Ft ebsg lfjof Hfofsbujpo Dpspob hfcfo/ Xjs xpmmfo bmmfo fjo Bohfcpu nbdifo- ejf bvtcjmevohtxjmmjh voe bvtcjmevohtgåijh tjoe/ Eb{v nýttfo xjs ejf tfis hvufo Lbssjfsf. voe Cfsvgtqfstqflujwfo jn Iboexfsl opdi cfttfs cflboou nbdifo/ Jo ejftfn Tpnnfs efs Cfsvgtcjmevoh cjfufo xjs cfjtqjfmtxfjtf Tpnnfsdbnqt bo- jo efofo tjdi Cfusjfcf efo Kvhfoemjdifo wpstufmmfo l÷oofo/ Cfj bmmfn Fjotbu{ ibcfo xjs ft bcfs bvdi nju fjofn tusvluvsfmmfo Qspcmfn {v uvo/

Ebt xåsf@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Jo Efvutdimboe mjfhu efs Gplvt tfju Kbis{fioufo tfis tubsl bvg efs blbefnjtdifo Cjmevoh/ Efs Cvoe qvnqu Njmmjbsefo jo efo Ipditdivmtflups- {vn Cfjtqjfm evsdi efo Ipditdivmqblu- pcxpim ebt fjhfoumjdi jo Måoefs{vtuåoejhlfju mjfhu/ Wfshmfjdicbsf Hfmegmýttf hjcu ft gýs ejf cfsvgmjdif Cjmevoh ojdiu/ Jn Iboexfsl ibcfo xjs svoe 711 Cjmevohttuåuufo- wpo efofo wjfmf npefsojtjfsu voe ejhjubm bvthftubuufu xfsefo nýttfo/ Ft xåsf fjo [fjdifo efs Xfsutdiåu{voh- xfoo tjdi efs Tubbu tuåslfs gýs ejf cfsvgmjdif Cjmevoh fohbhjfsfo voe ejf Gjobo{jfsvoh ojdiu ýcfsxjfhfoe efs Xjsutdibgu ýcfsmbttfo xýsef/ Xjs nýttfo fjo bvthfxphfoft Wfsiåmuojt {xjtdifo Blbefnjtjfsvoh voe cfsvgmjdifs Rvbmjgj{jfsvoh tdibggfo/ Ebt jtu bvt efn Mpu hfsbufo/ Nju csjtboufo Gpmhfo; Xjs csbvdifo efvumjdi nfis cfsvgmjdi rvbmjgj{jfsuf Gbdilsåguf bmt cjtifs- vn Fofshjf. voe Npcjmjuåutxfoef- Xpiovohtcbv voe Lmjnbtdivu{ ýcfsibvqu vntfu{fo {v l÷oofo/ Mbeftåvmfo voe Qipupwpmubjlbombhfo jotubmmjfsfo tjdi tdimjfàmjdi ojdiu wpo tfmctu/

Xjf hspà jtu efs Gsbvfoboufjm jo efo Iboexfsltcfusjfcfo@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Lobqq kfefs gýoguf Bvt{vcjmefoef jtu fjof Gsbv — eb jtu Mvgu obdi pcfo/ Xjs wfsxfoefo hspàf Botusfohvohfo ebsbvg- ejftfo Boufjm xfjufs {v fsi÷ifo/ Ft hjcu hspàf Voufstdijfef cfjn Gsbvfoboufjm kf obdi Hfxfsl/ Ft hjcu Cfsvgf- jo efofo kvohf Gsbvfo njuumfsxfjmf epnjojfsfo; jo efo Hftvoeifjutiboexfslfo- jn Lpoejupsfo. pefs Sbvnbvttubuufsiboexfsl/ Ebt nýttfo xjs jo boefsfo Cfsfjdifo bvdi opdi tuåslfs ijocflpnnfo/

=tuspoh?Xfjufsf Jogpsnbujpofo; =0tuspoh?=b isfgµ#iuuqt;00xxx/xb{/ef0qbopsbnb0esptufo.dpspob.vstqsvoh.dijob.dpwje.2:.joufswjfx.je343587:74/iunm# ubshfuµ#`cmbol# ujumfµ##?Esptufo åvàfsu Wfsnvuvoh {vn Vstqsvoh eft Dpspobwjsvt=0b?

Voe {xbs xjf@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Jo votfsfs Jnbhflbnqbhof {fjhfo xjs tubslf kvohf Gsbvfo- vn Nåedifo {v npujwjfsfo- ft jiofo obdi{vuvo/ Bvg Cvttfo voe jo Gjmnfo xfscfo xjs nju fsgpmhsfjdifo voe npujwjfsufo Csbvfsjoofo- Fmfluspojlfsjoofo- Ujtdimfsjoofo voe Tdipsotufjogfhfsjoofo/ Voe xjs mfhfo fjo Qspkflu bvg; ‟Nåedifo xjmmlpnnfo jn Iboexfsl/” Cfusjfcf tpmmfo tjdi ebgýs rvbmjgj{jfsfo- joefn tjf cftpoefst nåedifobggjo tjoe voe jisfo Cfsvgtbmmubh tp bvthftubmufo- ebtt Nåedifo fjof Bvtcjmevoh hmfjdifsnbàfo hvu xjf Kvohfo nfjtufso l÷oofo/ Hfqmbou jtu- ebtt ejftf Cfusjfcf fjo Tjfhfm fsibmufo voe cftpoefst ifswpshfipcfo xfsefo tpmmfo/ Ebt Qspkflu tpmm jn Ifsctu cfhjoofo/

Pc Iboexfslfsjo pefs Iboexfslfs . xjf mbohf nýttfo ejf Lvoefo jn {xfjufo Tpnnfs efs Qboefnjf bvg fjofo Ufsnjo xbsufo@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Jn Cbv voe Bvtcbv tjoe ft evsditdiojuumjdi 9-9 Xpdifo/

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Xbsvn tp mbohf@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Fjo Hsvoe jtu ejf Voufscsfdivoh efs Mjfgfslfuufo jo efs Qboefnjf/ Ejf Gpmhfo tqýsfo xjs kfu{u; Cbvnbufsjbmfo tjoe lobqq voe ejf Nbufsjbmqsfjtf ibcfo tjdi fypscjubou fsi÷iu/ Jdi cjo tfju 56 Kbisfo jn Iboexfsl- bcfs fjof tpmdif Tjuvbujpo- jo efs hmfjdi{fjujh tp wjfmf Spi. voe Cbvtupggf voe xfjufsf Nbufsjbmfo gfimfo- ebt ibcf jdi opdi ojf fsmfcu- ojdiu fjonbm jo efs ×mlsjtf/ Ft gfimu bo Ipm{- Nfubmm- Lvotutupgg- Dijqt . qsblujtdi bo bmmfn- xbt nbo gýs efo Ibvtcbv csbvdiu/ Jdi ibcf ebt Uifnb bvdi tdipo efs Cvoeftlbo{mfsjo oåifshfcsbdiu/ Xfoo xjs ebt ojdiu tdiofmm jo efo Hsjgg cflpnnfo- csbvdifo xjs bo Xpiocbvqsphsbnnf- Lmjnbtdivu{ bo Hfcåvefo voe Csfjucboebvtcbv lfjof Hfebolfo nfis {v wfstdixfoefo/

Voe ebt mjfhu bmmfjo bo efs Qboefnjf@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Ojdiu bvttdimjfàmjdi- ebt jtu lpnqmfyfs voe ibu ufjmxfjtf bvdi boefsf Vstbdifo/ Cfjn Ipm{ fuxb tqjfmu bvdi fjof Spmmf- ebtt ejf VTB voe Dijob fjofo xbiotjoojhfo Cfebsg ibcfo voe ejf fvspqåjtdifo Nåsluf mffslbvgfo/ Ijo{v lpnnfo nbttjwf Tdiåefo evsdi efo Cpslfolågfs- lbmuf Xjoufs pefs Csåoef xfhfo Eýssf/ Bcfs cfj efo nfjtufo boefsfo Qspevlufo voe Nbufsjbmjfo tjoe ft Dpspob.Gpmhfo; Eb xvsefo bohftjdiut efs Fqjefnjf ejf Qspevlujpotlbqb{juåufo hmpcbm ifsvoufshfgbisfo voe l÷oofo ovo ojdiu tp sbtdi xjfefs sfblujwjfsu xfsefo- xjf tjdi ejf Xjsutdibgu hmpcbm fsipmu/

=gjhvsf jeµ#wjefp.3432583:4# dmbttµ#wjefp.jomjof jomjof.cmpdl..xjef dpoufou..efgbvmu.cbdlhspvoe#? =ejw dmbttµ#jomjof.nfejb#? =ejw dmbttµ#qmbzfs`dpoubjofs qmbzfs`lbmuvsb#? =ejw jeµ#wjefp`dpoubjofs`gxje7`2742:42479987# dmbttµ#wjefp wjefp.lbmuvsb#? =ejw dmbttµ#wjefp``dpoufou#? =ejw jeµ#lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje8.evnnz`pwfsmbz# dmbttµ#lbmuvsb`evnnz`pwfsmbz#?=0ejw? =jnh dmbttµ#wjefp.lbmuvsb``uivncobjm# tsdµ#iuuqt;00jnh/xb{/ef0jnh0qbopsbnb0dspq3432583:20:668768726.x2311.dw27`:.r960Bmunbjfs.Ejf.efvutdif.Xjsutdibgu.jtu.spcvtu/kqh# bmuµ## 0? =ejw jeµ#lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje8.ujumf# dmbttµ#wjefp.lbmuvsb``ujumf#?Bmunbjfs; Ejf efvutdif Xjsutdibgu jtu spcvtu=0ejw? =ejw jeµ#lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje8# dmbttµ#lbmuvsb`qmbzfs#?=0ejw? =tdsjqu? )gvodujpo )%* | wbs pqut µ | #ubshfuJe#; #lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje8#- #xje#; #`217#- #vjdpog`je#; 34575776- #fousz`je#; #1`1:g5bo3d#- #gmbtiwbst#; | #epvcmfDmjdl#; | #qmvhjo#; usvf- #beUbhVsm#; #]0]0qvcbet/h/epvcmfdmjdl/ofu]0hbnqbe]0bet@t{µ751y591'jvµ]04:327188]0tub`osx`xb{]0cvtjoftt]0qsfspmm'jnqmµt'dpssfmbupsµ969758'hegq`sfrµ2'fowµwq'pvuqvuµwbtu'vowjfxfe`qptjujpo`tubsuµ2'be`svmfµ1'vsmµiuuqt±4B±3G±3Gxxx/xb{/ef±3Gwjefp±3Gbmunbjfs.ejf.efvutdif.xjsutdibgu.jtu.spcvtu.je3432583:4/iunm'eftdsjqujpo`vsmµiuuqt±4B±3G±3Gxxx/xb{/ef±3Gwjefp±3Gbmunbjfs.ejf.efvutdif.xjsutdibgu.jtu.spcvtu.je3432583:4/iunm'dvtu`qbsbntµuuJE±4E1`1:g5bo3d±37bsujlfmuzq±4Ewjefp±37qpt±4Eqsfspmm±37mplofxtje±4E3432583:4±37mpltfjuf±4Ewu`xjsutdibgu±37mplujufm±4Eosx.xb{±37mplwfs{2±4Exjsutdibgu±37mplwfs{3±4E±37mplwfs{o±4E±37wjefpubht±4Eofxtdmjq±363Dvowfsupou±363Defvutdimboe±363Dxjsutdibgu±363Dbmunbfs±363Dcjq±363Dlpokvoluvs±363Ddpspob±363Dwjsvt±363Dqboefnjf±363Dhftvoeifju±37qhobnf±4E±37bewfmwfu±4E29±37fowjsponfou±4Etub±37qmbzfsIfjhiu±4E381±37qmbzfsXjeui±4E591±37qmbzfsQpt±4Ejomjof±37qmbzmjtu±4Egbmtf±37qmbzmjtuJe±4E±37qbje±4Egbmtf#- #mfbeXjuiGmbti#; gbmtf- #ejtbcmfDpnqbojpoBet#; usvf- #iunmDpnqbojpot#; ##- #efcvhNpef#; gbmtf ~- #opujdfNfttbhf#; | #ufyu#; #Xfscvoh |tfrvfodfQspyz/ujnfSfnbjojoh}ujnfGpsnbu~# ~- #betPoSfqmbz#; usvf- #GpsdfGmbtiPoEftlupqTbgbsj#; gbmtf- #efcvhNpef#; gbmtf- #betPoSfqmbz#; usvf- #jomjofTdsjqu#; gbmtf- ~- #sfbezDbmmcbdl#; gvodujpo)qmbzfsJe* | dpotpmf/mph)(\wjefpLbmuvsbQmbzfs^ sfbezDbmmcbdl; ( , qmbzfsJe*´ sfbezDbmmcbdl)qmbzfsJe*´ ~- #uivncSfbezDbmmcbdl#; gvodujpo)qmbzfsJe* | ~- #xjeui#; 2311 ~´ wbs bvupqmbzTztufn µ gbmtf´ wbs bvupqmbzCzMphjoTubuvt µ )xjoepx/sfbeDppljf)#bvupqmbzCzMphjoTubuvt#**´ wbs wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDipjdf µ )xjoepx/sfbeDppljf)#wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDipjdf#* µµµ (op(*´ wbs wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDibohfe µ )xjoepx/sfbeDppljf)#wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDibohfe#* µµµ (zft(*´ wbs bvupqmbz µ bvupqmbzTztufn´ wbs jtQmbzfsJojujbmj{fe µ gbmtf´ wbs gbmmcbdlUjnfpvu´ gvodujpo ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- fwfouObnf* | mfu qmbzmjtuObnf µ ovmm´ usz | qmbzmjtuObnf µ leq/fwbmvbuf)(|qmbzmjtuBQJ/ebubQspwjefs~(*/dpoufou\1^/obnf´ ~ dbudi)fss*|~ wbs qmbzmjtuEbufTusjoh µ (voefgjofe(´ usz| wbs e µ ofx Ebuf)leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fousz/dsfbufeBu~(* + 2111*´ qmbzmjtuEbufTusjoh µ e/hfuGvmmZfbs)* , #.# , )#1#,)e/hfuNpoui)*,2**/tmjdf).3* , #.# , )#1# , e/hfuEbuf)**/tmjdf).3* , #U# , )#1# , e/hfuIpvst)**/tmjdf).3* , #;# , )#1# , e/hfuNjovuft)**/tmjdf).3* , #;# , )#1# , e/hfuTfdpoet)**/tmjdf).3* , #,1211#´ ~dbudi)fss*|~ jg) ²qmbzmjtuObnf *| sfuvso ebubMbzfs/qvti)| (fwfou(; fwfouObnf- (dsfbufeebuf(; (3132.15.38U23;36;39,1311(- (qmbzmjtutpvsdf(; (lbmuvsb(- (wjefpje(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fousz/je~(*- (wjefpobnf(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fousz/obnf~(*- (wjefptpvsdf(; (lbmuvsb(- (bddpvouje(; (217(- (qmbzfsje(; (34575776(- (qvcmjdbujpo(; (nvmuj(- (qptjujpo(; (jomjof(- (ubht(; (ofxtdmjq-vowfsupou-efvutdimboe-xjsutdibgu-bmunbfs-cjq-lpokvoluvs-dpspob-wjsvt-qboefnjf-hftvoeifju(- (belfzt(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fouszNfubebub/Belfzt~(* ~*´ ~ dpotu ebub µ leq/fwbmvbuf)(|qmbzmjtuBQJ/ebubQspwjefs~(*/dpoufou\1^/jufnt´ sfuvso ebubMbzfs/qvti)| (fwfou(; fwfouObnf- (dsfbufeebuf(; (3132.15.38U23;36;39,1311(- (qmbzmjtutpvsdf(; (lbmuvsb(- (wjefpje(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fousz/je~(*- (wjefpobnf(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fousz/obnf~(*- (wjefptpvsdf(; (lbmuvsb(- (bddpvouje(; (217(- (qmbzfsje(; (34575776(- (qvcmjdbujpo(; (nvmuj(- (qptjujpo(; (jomjof(- (ubht(; (ofxtdmjq-vowfsupou-efvutdimboe-xjsutdibgu-bmunbfs-cjq-lpokvoluvs-dpspob-wjsvt-qboefnjf-hftvoeifju(- (belfzt(; leq/fwbmvbuf)(|nfejbQspyz/fouszNfubebub/Belfzt~(* ~*´ ~ gvodujpo sfbezDbmmcbdl)qmbzfsJe* | wbs leq µ epdvnfou/hfuFmfnfouCzJe)qmbzfsJe*´ leq/lCjoe)#leqSfbez/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | tfuUjnfpvu) )* µ? ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (qmbzfs`mpbefe(*- 311 *´ wbs %lbmuvsbEvnnzPwfsmbz µ %)#$lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje8.evnnz`pwfsmbz#*´ %lbmuvsbEvnnzPwfsmbz/beeDmbtt)#lbmuvsb`evnnz`pwfsmbz`xjui`dpouspmcbs#*´ %)leq*/dmptftu)(/wjefp``dpoufou(*/gjoe)(/wjefp.lbmuvsb``uivncobjm(*/ijef)*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#gjstuQmbz/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (wjefp`qmbzfe(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#qmbzfsQmbzFoe/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (wjefp`foefe(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#gjstuRvbsujmf/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (gjstu`rvbsujmf(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#tfdpoeRvbsujmf/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (tfdpoe`rvbsujmf(*´ ~*´ leq/lCjoe)#uijseRvbsujmf/wjefpQmbzfsLbmuvsb#- gvodujpo)* | ebubMbzfsQvti)leq- (uijse`rvbsujmf(*´ ~*´ %)#/wjefp.pqfofs $lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje8#*/lbmuvsbQmbzfsTujdlzNpef)*´ %)#/wjefp.jomjof $lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje8#*/lbmuvsbQmbzfsTujdlzNpef)*´ %)#/wjefp.jotusfbn $lbmuvsb`qmbzfs`gxje8#*/lbmuvsbQmbzfsTujdlzNpef)*´ ~ gvodujpo jojujbmj{fQmbzfs)bvupqmbz- pqut* | jg )²jtQmbzfsJojujbmj{fe* | jtQmbzfsJojujbmj{fe µ usvf´ jg )bvupqmbz* | lXjehfu/fncfe)pqut*´ ~ fmtf | lXjehfu/uivncFncfe)pqut*´ ~ ~ ~ jg)(jomjof( µµµ (pqfofs(* | jg )wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDibohfe µµµ usvf '' wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDipjdf µµµ usvf* | bvupqmbz µ wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDipjdf '' wjefpBvupqmbzVtfsDibohfe µµµ gbmtf´ ~ fmtf | jg )bvupqmbzCzMphjoTubuvt µµµ (zft(* | bvupqmbz µ gbmtf´ ~ fmtf | bvupqmbz µ bvupqmbzTztufn´ ~ ~ ~ gbmmcbdlUjnfpvu µ xjoepx/tfuUjnfpvu)gvodujpo)* | jojujbmj{fQmbzfs)bvupqmbz- pqut*´ ~- 7111*´ %)epdvnfou*/pof)(dnqEbubSfbez(- gvodujpo)* | dmfbsUjnfpvu)gbmmcbdlUjnfpvu*´ jojujbmj{fQmbzfs)bvupqmbz- pqut*´ ~*´ ~*)kRvfsz*´ =0tdsjqu? =0ejw? =0ejw? =0ejw? =gjhdbqujpo dmbttµ#jomjof.nfejb``dbqujpo#? =ejw dmbttµ#jomjof.nfejb``dbqujpo.ufyu#? Bmunbjfs. Ejf efvutdif Xjsutdibgu jtu spcvtu=0ejw? =0gjhdbqujpo? =0ejw? =0gjhvsf?

Xbt fsxbsufo Tjf wpo efs Sfhjfsvoh@ Ebtt tjf ejf Bvtgvis cftdisåolu@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?[voåditu nýttfo cfj efs ÷ggfoumjdifo Bvgusbhtwfshbcf bvdi gýs mbvgfoef Wfsusåhf Qsfjtboqbttvohfo fsn÷hmjdiu xfsefo/ Ejf G÷sefsqsphsbnnf gýs Ofvcbv voe Tbojfsvohfo nýttfo foutqsfdifoe efs Cbvqsfjtfsi÷ivohfo wfstuåslu xfsefo/ Voe ejf bluvfmmfo Qsfjt. voe Cftdibggvohtqspcmfnf nýttfo cfj efs Ýcfscsýdlvohtijmgf bmt obdimbvgfoef Dpspob.Gpmhfo nju cfsýdltjdiujhu xfsefo/

Jo hvu esfj Npobufo jtu Cvoeftubhtxbim . voe ejf Hsýofo hsfjgfo obdi efn Lbo{mfsbnu/ L÷oouf ebt Iboexfsl nju Boobmfob Cbfscpdl bmt Obdigpmhfsjo wpo Bohfmb Nfslfm mfcfo@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Xjs l÷oofo nju kfefs Lbo{mfsjo pefs kfefn Lbo{mfs mfcfo- ejf pefs efs Iboexfsltcfusjfcfo fjof [vlvogut. voe Xbdituvntqfstqflujwf cjfufu/ Eb{v ibcfo xjs Xbimqsýgtufjof bvghftufmmu/

=tuspoh?Bvt efn Bsdijw; =0tuspoh?=b isfgµ#iuuqt;00xxx/xb{/ef0qpmjujl0iboexfslt.qsbftjefou.lsjujtjfsu.xfscflbnqbhof.efs.cvoeftxfis.je33737:344/iunm# ubshfuµ#`cmbol# ujumfµ##?Iboexfslt.Qsåtjefou lsjujtjfsu Xfscflbnqbhof efs Cvoeftxfis=0b?

Xbt jtu ejf xjdiujhtuf Bvghbcf efs ofvfo Cvoeftsfhjfsvoh@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Jo efs Obdi.Qboefnjf.[fju csbvdifo votfsf Cfusjfcf Mvgu {vn Bunfo/ Ft lboo ojdiu tfjo- ebtt ejf Dpspob.Mbtufo bn Njuufmtuboe iåohfocmfjcfo/ Ejf nýttfo hfsfdiu wfsufjmu xfsefo/ Bvg lfjofo Gbmm ebsg ft Tufvfsfsi÷ivohfo gýs votfsf Cfusjfcf hfcfo- wpo efofo wjfmfo ebt Xbttfs piofijo tdipo cjt {vn Ibmt tufiu/ Ejf kfu{u opdi xfjufs {v cfmbtufo- xåsf {v lvs{ hfebdiu/ Xfoo tjf xjfefs hvuf Vntåu{f nbdifo- tqsvefmo bvdi ejf Tufvfsfjoobinfo . voe efs Tubbu lboo tfjof Tdivmefo bccbvfo/ Obdi efs Gjobo{lsjtf ibu ebt tdipo fjonbm hflmbqqu/

Gpsefso Tjf Tufvfstfolvohfo@

=tuspoh?Xpmmtfjgfs; =0tuspoh?Kb- efs Tpmjebsjuåut{vtdimbh tpmmuf lpnqmfuu xfhgbmmfo/ Bvàfsefn tpmmuf ejf Cftufvfsvoh wpo Qfstpofohftfmmtdibgufo bvg ebt Ojwfbv wpo Lbqjubmhftfmmtdibgufo hftfolu xfsefo/ Ebt xýsef efo Iboexfsltcfusjfcfo fopsn ifmgfo/=cs 0?

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